Birds of St. Paul Island

The number of birds on St. Paul Island increases to about 200,000 in late spring and regularly includes rare birds from Siberia and Asia. Resident birds on the island include over 10 species of murres, auklets, kittiwakes, puffins, cormorants and fulmars.

Most of the birds that breed on the island use the cliffs. The drama of maneuvering around the cliffs overlooking waves crashing on the rocky beach only heightens the excitement and fun of spotting birds that have been on your wish list for years.

But there’s a lot more to do and see on St. Paul Island than birds. Hike our rolling hills for gorgeous views and plentiful wildflowers and keep the camera ready for arctic fox and reindeer.

Then go back for more great birding. This time, visit the lakes and tundra. The one thing we can promise is you will not be disappointed in the varieties and sheer number of birds on St. Paul Island.

Here is a partial list of species. Search by Common Name, Latin Name, or any attribute. Click on a column header to sort.

Common NameLatin NameSeasonAbundanceStatusImage
American CootFulica americanaFAccidentalUsually a fall wanderer
American Coot in water
American PipitAnthus rubescens Sp/F Rare Migrant
American Pipit
American RobinTurdus migratorius F Casual Usually a fall wanderer
American Robin
American Tree SparrowSpizella arborea Sp Accidental Migrant
American WigeonAnas americana
Ancient MurreletSynthliboramphus antiquusW/Sp/SwRareUsually a fall wanderer
Ancient Murrelet
Arctic LoonGavia arctica Sp Casual Migrant
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
Arctic Warbler
Baikal Teal
Baird’s SandpiperCalidris bairdii F Rare Migrant
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalus Su Casual Usually a fall wanderer
Bald Eagle
Bank SwallowRiparia riparia Sp/F Rare Migrant
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica Sp/Su/F Uncommon Migrant
Bar-tailed Godwit
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica (various subspecies) Sp/Su Rare Migrant
Barn Swallow
Barrow’s Goldeneye Sp Casual Migrant
Bean GooseAnser fabalisSpCasualMigrant
Goose flying over water.
Belted KingfisherCeryle alcyon F Accidental Usually a fall wanderer
Belted Kingfisher
Black GuillemotCepphus grylle W/Sp Casual Usually a fall wanderer
Black Guillemot
Black OystercatcherHaematopus bachmani W/Su Accidental Usually a fall wanderer
Black ScoterMelanitta nigra Sp/F Rare Migrant
Black Turnstone
Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarula Sp Casual Migrant
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax Sp/F Accidental Usually a fall wanderer
Black-crowned Night-Heron
Black-footed AlbatrossDiomedea nigripes Su/F Rare Usually a fall wanderer
Black-headed GullLarus ridibundus Sp/Su/F Rare Migrant
Black-headed Gull
Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaSp/FAbundantBreeder or has bred
Gull standing on rock.
Black-tailed Godwit Sp Casual Migrant
Bluethroat Sp/F Casual Migrant
Bluethroat
Bohemian Waxwing
Bonaparte’s GullLarus philadelphia F Accidental Usually a fall wanderer
Boreal OwlAegolius funereus Sp/W Casual Migrant
BramblingFringilla montifringilla Sp/F Rare Migrant
Bristle-thighed CurlewNumenius tahitiensis Sp/Su/F Rare Migrant
Bristle-thighed Curlew
Buff-breasted Sandpiper F Casual Migrant
Buff-breasted Sandpiper
BuffleheadBucephala albeola W-F Uncommon Migrant
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsii Sp-F Rare n/a
Canada GooseBranta canadensisSpRareMigrant
Canada Goose
CanvasbackAythya valisineria Sp/F Casual Migrant
Cassin’s AukletPtychoramphus aleuticus F Accidental Migrant
Chimney Swift
Chinese Pond HeronArdeola bacchusAccidentalUsually a fall wanderer
Chipping SparrowSpizella passerinaFAccidental n/a
Chipping Sparrow
Cliff SwallowHirundo pyrrhonota Sp/Su Rare Migrant
Common CuckooCuculus canorusSp/SuCasualMigrant
Common EiderSomateria mollissima W-Sp Casual Usually a fall wanderer
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula W-F Uncommon Migrant
Common GreenshankTringa nebulariaSp/FCasualMigrant
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula F Accidental Usually a fall wanderer
Common RosefinchCarpodacus erythrinus Sp Accidental Migrant
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos Sp/Su Casual Migrant
Common SnipeGallinago gallinagoSp/FRareMigrant
Common Swift
Common Tern
Crested AukletAethia cristatella Resident Common Breeder or has bred
Crested Auklet
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaSp/Su/FCasualMigrant
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalisSp/FCasualMigrant
Bird perched on flower head.
Dark-sided Flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica
Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritusSp/SuCasualUsually a fall wanderer
Bird swimming through water.
DovekieAlle alleSp/SuCasualUsually a fall wanderer
DunlinCalidris alpinaSp/FRareMigrant
Dunlin
Dusky Thrush
Dusky Warbler
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannusSuAccidental Usually a fall wanderer
Eastern Kingbird
Eastern Yellow Wagtail
Emperor GooseChen canagicaF-SpRareMigrant
Emperor Goose
Eskimo CurlewNumenius borealisSpMigrant
Eurasian CootFulica atraFAccidental Usually a fall wanderer
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo Su-F Casual Usually a fall wanderer
Eurasian Wigeon
Eyebrowed Thrush
Falcated DuckAnas falcata Sp Casual Migrant
Far-eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensisSpCasualMigrant
Fork-tailed Storm-PetrelOceanodroma furcataSp-SuRareMigrant
Fork-tailed Storm-Petrel
Fork-tailed Swift
Franklin’s Gull Su Accidental Usually a fall wanderer
GadwallAnas strepera Sp Casual Migrant
GarganeyAnas querquedula F Casual Migrant
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus Resident Rare Breeder or has bred
Glaucous-winged GullLarus glaucescens Resident Common Breeder or has bred
Glaucous-winged Gull
Golden-crowned KingletRegulus satrapa F Accidental Usually a fall wanderer
Golden-crowned Kinglet
Golden-crowned SparrowZonotrichia atricapilla Sp/F Rare Migrant
Golden-crowned Sparrow
Gray Wagtail
Gray-cheeked Thrush
Gray-crowned Rosy FinchLeucosticte tephrocotisResidentCommonBreeder or has bred
Gray-crowned Rosy Finch
Gray-Streaked FlycatcherMuscicapa griseisticta
Gray-Streaked Flycatcher
Gray-tailed Tattler
Great KnotCalidris tenuirostris Sp Accidental Migrant
Great Knot
Greater ScaupAythya marila Sp-F Uncommon Migrant
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons Sp/F Casual Migrant
Greater Yellowlegs
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus Sp Accidental Migrant
Green winged Teal
GyrfalconFalco rusticolus  W Casual Usually a fall wanderer
Harlequin Duck Histrionicus histrionicus Resident Common Migrant
Harris’s SparrowZonotrichia querula Sp/F Rare Migrant
Harris's Sparrow
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes Sp/F Casual Migrant
Hermit Thrush
Herring GullLarus argentatus Sp-F Rare Migrant
Herring Gull
Hoary RedpollCarduelis hornemanni Sp-F Casual Migrant
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucollatus F Accidental Usually a fall wanderer
Horned GrebePodiceps auritus Sp/F/W Rare Migrant
Horned LarkEremophila alpestris F Accidental Usually a fall wanderer
Horned PuffinFratercula corniculata Sp-F Common Breeder or has bred
Horned Puffin
Ivory GullPagophila eburnea W Casual Usually a fall wanderer
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimusSpAccidentalMigrant
Bird in flight over water.
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus Sp Accidental Migrant
King Eider W-Su Uncommon Migrant
King Eider
Lapland LongspurCalcorius ornatusSp-FAbundantBreeder or has bred
Bird sitting on seed head.
Laysan Albatross Diomedea immutabilis Sp-W Casual Usually a fall wanderer
Leach’s Storm PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoa Su Rare Migrant
Least AukletAethia pusillaSp/FAbundantBreeder or has bred
Black and white bird perched on a rock.
Least SandpiperCalidris minutillaSp/FRareBreeder or has bred
Shorebird with winter plumage.
Lesser SandploverCharadrius mongolus
Lesser Sandplover
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis Sp Casual Usually a fall wanderer
Lesser Yellowlegs
Lincoln’s SparrowMelospiza lincolnii
Lincoln's Sparrow
Little StintCalidris minuta Sp/F Casual Migrant
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus Sp/F Rare Migrant
Long-billed MurreletBrachyramphus brevirostris Su Accidental
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisW-FCommonBreeder or has bred
Long-tailed duck swimming in water.
Long-tailed JeagerStercorarius longicaudus Sp-F Uncommon Migrant
Long-tailed Jeager
Long-toed StintCalidris subminuta Sp/Su/F Casual Migrant
MallardAnas platyrhynchos Sp-W Rare Migrant
Marbled MurreletBrachyramphus marmoratus W/Sp Casual Usually a fall wanderer
McKay’s BuntingPlectrophenax hyperboreusResidentCasualBreeder or has bred
Bird nesting on St. Paul Island.
Mew GullLarus canus Sp Casual Migrant
Mew Gull
Middendorf’s Grasshopper-Warbler
Mottled Petrel Pterodroma inexpectataSu/FCasualUsually a fall wanderer
Northern Flicker Sp/F Accidental Usually a fall wanderer
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus F Accidental Usually a fall wanderer
Northern PintailAnas acuta Sp-W Uncommon Breeder or has bred
Northern Saw-whet OwlAegolius acadicus F Accidental Usually a fall wanderer
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata Sp Uncommon Migrant
Northern ShrikeLanius excubitor F Accidental Usually a fall wanderer
Northern WaterthrushSeirus noveboracensisFAccidental
Northern Waterthrush
Northern Wheatear
Olive-backed PipitAnthus hodgsoniSpCasualMigrant
Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperi
Olive-sided Flycatcher
Orange-crowned Warbler
Oriental CuckooCuculus saturatus Sp/Su Accidental Migrant
Oriental Cuckoo
Oriental GreenfinchCarduelis sinicaSpAccidentalMigrant
Oriental Turtle-DoveStreptopelia orientalis Su Accidental Migrant
OspreyPandion haliaetus Su Casual Usually a fall wanderer
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva Sp/F Uncommon Migrant
Bird resting near twigs.
Pacific LoonGavia pacifica Sp/F Rare Migrant
Bird swimming in water.
Parakeet Auklet Aethia psittaculaSp-FAbundantBreeder or has bred
Parakeet Auklet
Parasitic JeagerStercorarius parasiticus Sp-F Uncommon Migrant
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosSp/FUncommonMigrant
Sanpiper birds sitting on rocks in water.
Pelagic CormorantPhalacrocorax pelagicus Resident Uncommon Breeder or has bred
Bird sitting on ridge wall.
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus  Sp/F/W Rare Usually a fall wanderer
Pigeon GuillemotCepphus columba W-F Uncommon Migrant
Pine GrosbeakPinicola enucleator Sp/F Accidental Migrant
Pine SiskinCarduelis pinus Sp/F Casual Migrant
Pomarine JeagerStercorarius pomarinus Sp-F Uncommon Migrant
Purple MartinProgne subisFAccidentalUsually a fall wanderer
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra Su-F Casual Migrant
Red KnotCalidris canutusFCasualMigrant
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius Sp-F Uncommon Migrant
Bird floating in water.
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariaSp-FUncommonMigrant
Bird floating on waters around St. Paul Island.
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorSp/FRareMigrant
Red-breasted Merganser
Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensis
Red-breasted Nuthatch
Red-faced CormorantPhalacrocorax urile Resident Common Breeder or has bred
Bird perched on ridge wall.
Red-flanked BluetailTarsiger cyanurusUsually a fall wandererAccidental
Red-legged KittiwakeRissa brevirostrisSp-FCommonBreeder or has bred
Red-legged Kittiwake
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena W-Su Uncommon Migrant
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusSp-FUncommonBreeder or has bred
Red-necked Phalarope
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollisSp/Su/FRareMigrant
Red-necked Stint on gravel..
Red-throated LoonGavia stellata Sp/F Rare Migrant
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus Sp Casual Migrant
Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceus, Agelaius phoeniceus Sp Accidental Migrant
Rhinoceros AukletCerorhinca monocerata Sp Accidental Migrant
Rhinoceros Auklet
Ring-necked DuckAythya collarisSpCasualMigrant
Ring-necked Duck
Rock SandpiperCalidris ptilocnemis Sp-F Common Breeder or has bred
Bird standing on bark dust.
Ross’s GullRhodostethia rosea Sp/F Casual Migrant
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopus F Casual Usually a fall wanderer
Ruby-crowned KingletRegulus calendulaFCasualMigrant
Ruddy Turnstone
RuffPhilomachus pugnaxSp/FRareMigrant
Rufous HummingbirdSelasphorus rufus F Accidental Usually a fall wanderer
Rustic BuntingEmberiza rustica Sp Casual Migrant
Rusty BlackbirdEuphagus carolinus F Casual Usually a fall wanderer
Sabine’s GullXema sabini Sp/F Casual Migrant
Gull flying.
SanderlingCalidris alba F Casual Migrant
Sandhill CraneGrus canadensisSp-SuUncommonMigrant
Sandhill Crane
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensisSp/FRareMigrant
Savannah Sparrow
Say’s PhoebeSayornis saya Su Accidental
Bird perched on a stump.
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus Sp-F Uncommon Breeder or has bred
Bird walking on shore.
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusilla F Casual Migrant
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminata F Uncommon Migrant
Bird hidden in a grassy field.
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseus Sp/F Casual Migrant
Bird fishing in water.
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus Sp/F Rare Migrant
Bird perched on a fence post.
Short-tailed AlbatrossDiomedea albatrus Su-F Casual Usually a fall wanderer
Short-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus tenuirostris Su-F Uncommon Usually a fall wanderer
Siberian RubythroatLuscinia calliopeSpCasualMigrant
Bird sitting on rock.
SkylarkAlauda arvensis Sp-Su Casual Breeder or has bred
Slaty-backed GullLarus schistisagusW-FRareMigrant
SmewMergellus albellusSpCasualMigrant
Smew
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalisResidentCommonBreeder or has bred
Bird sits on a rock in cold weather.
Snow GooseChen caerulescensSp/FCasualMigrant
Goose in flight.
Snowy OwlNyctea scandiacaSp-WRareMigrant
Snowy Owl
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitariaSpAccidentalMigrant
Solitary Sandpiper
Song SparrowMelospiza melodia F-Su Casual Usually a fall wanderer
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseus Su-F Casual Usually a fall wanderer
Spectacled EiderSomateria fischeriF-SpCasualMigrant
Spoonbill SandpiperEurynorhynchus pygmeusFAccidentalUsually a fall wanderer
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus Sp/F Casual Migrant
Bird in flight.
Spotted SandpiperActitis macularia Sp Accidental Migrant
Steller’s EiderPolysticta stelleri W-Su Rare Migrant
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopus Sp Casual Migrant
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillata Sp-Su Casual Usually a fall wanderer
Swainson’s Thrush
Temminck’s Stint Calidris temminckiiSp-FCasualMigrant
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus Sp/Su/F Casual Migrant
Thick-billed MurreUlria lomviaSp-FAbundantBreeder or has bred
Thick-billed Murre
Townsend’s Warbler
Tree Swallow
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula Sp Rare Usually a fall wanderer
Tufted PuffinFratercula cirrhataSp-FCommonBreeder or has bred
Tufted Puffin
Tundra Swan
Varued Thrush
Violet-green Swallow
Wanding Tattler
Warbling Vireo
Western SandpiperCalidris mauri Sp/Su/F Rare Migrant
Seabird resting on a rock.
Western Wood-Pewee
Whimbrel
White Wagtail
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrys F Casual Usually a fall wanderer
Bird resting on a branch
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisSu/FAccidentalUsually a fall wanderer
White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucopteraSu-FCasualMigrant
White-winged ScoterMelanitta fusca W-F Uncommon Migrant
White-winged Tern
Whooper Swan
Wilson’s Snipe
Wilson's Snipe
Wilson’s Warbler
Winter WrenTroglodytes hiemalis
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola, Tringa glareolaSp/FRareMIgrant
Wood Sandpiper in water.
Wood Warbler
Yellow Warbler
Yellow-billed LoonGavia adamsii Sp Rare Migrant
Yellow-rumped Warbler