Birds of St. Paul Island

The number of birds on St. Paul Island increases to about 200,000 in late spring and regularly includes rare birds from Siberia and Asia. Resident birds on the island include over 10 species of murres, auklets, kittiwakes, puffins, red-faced cormorants and northern fulmars.

Most of the birds that breed on the island use the cliffs. The drama of maneuvering around the cliffs overlooking waves crashing on the rocky beach only heightens the excitement and fun of spotting birds that have been on your wish list for years.

But there’s a lot more to do and see on St. Paul Island than birds. Hike our rolling hills for gorgeous views and plentiful wildflowers and keep the camera ready for arctic fox and reindeer. Put on your waterproof jacket and kayak onto the sea for up-close views of seals and whales.

Then go back for more great birding. This time, visit the lakes and tundra. The one thing we can promise is you will not be disappointed in the varieties and sheer number of birds on St. Paul Island.

Here is a partial list of species. Search by Common Name, Latin Name, or any attribute. Click on a column header to sort.

Common NameLatin NameSeasonAbundanceStatusImage
American CootFulica americanaFAccidentalUsually a fall wandererAmerican Coot in water
American PipitAnthus rubescens Sp/F Rare Migrant
American RobinTurdus migratorius F Casual Usually a fall wanderer
American Tree SparrowSpizella arborea Sp Accidental MigrantAmerican Tree Sparrow
American WigeonAnas americanaAmerican Wigeon
Ancient MurreletSynthliboramphus antiquusW/Sp/SwRareUsually a fall wanderer
Arctic LoonGavia arctica Sp Casual MigrantArctic Loon
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaArctic Tern
Arctic WarblerArctic Warbler
Baikal TealBaikal Teal
Baird’s SandpiperCalidris bairdii F Rare MigrantBaird’s Sandpiper
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalus Su Casual Usually a fall wanderer
Bank SwallowRiparia riparia Sp/F Rare MigrantBank Swallow
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica Sp/Su/F Uncommon Migrant
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica (various subspecies) Sp/Su Rare Migrant
Barrow’s Goldeneye Sp Casual MigrantBarrow’s Goldeneye
Bean GooseAnser fabalisSpCasualMigrantGoose flying over water.
Belted KingfisherCeryle alcyon F Accidental Usually a fall wanderer
Black GuillemotCepphus grylle W/Sp Casual Usually a fall wanderer
Black OystercatcherHaematopus bachmani W/Su Accidental Usually a fall wandererBlack Oystercatcher
Black ScoterMelanitta nigra Sp/F Rare MigrantBlack Scoter
Black TurnstoneBlack Turnstone
Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarula Sp Casual MigrantBlack-bellied Plover
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax Sp/F Accidental Usually a fall wanderer
Black-footed AlbatrossDiomedea nigripes Su/F Rare Usually a fall wandererBlack-footed Albatross
Black-headed GullLarus ridibundus Sp/Su/F Rare Migrant
Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaSp/FAbundantBreeder or has bredGull standing on rock.
Black-tailed Godwit Sp Casual MigrantBlack-tailed Godwit
Bluethroat Sp/F Casual Migrant
Bohemian WaxwingBohemian Waxwing
Bonaparte’s GullLarus philadelphia F Accidental Usually a fall wandererBonaparte’s Gull
Boreal OwlAegolius funereus Sp/W Casual MigrantBoreal Owl
BramblingFringilla montifringilla Sp/F Rare MigrantBrambling
Bristle-thighed CurlewNumenius tahitiensis Sp/Su/F Rare Migrant
Buff-breasted Sandpiper F Casual Migrant
BuffleheadBucephala albeola W-F Uncommon MigrantBufflehead
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsii Sp-F Rare n/aCackling Goose
Canada GooseBranta canadensisSpRareMigrant
CanvasbackAythya valisineria Sp/F Casual MigrantCanvasback
Cassin’s AukletPtychoramphus aleuticus F Accidental MigrantCassin’s Auklet
Chimney SwiftChimney Swift
Chinese Pond HeronArdeola bacchusAccidentalUsually a fall wandererChinese Pond Heron
Chipping SparrowSpizella passerinaFAccidental n/a
Cliff SwallowHirundo pyrrhonota Sp/Su Rare MigrantCliff Swallow
Common CuckooCuculus canorusSp/SuCasualMigrantCommon Cuckoo
Common EiderSomateria mollissima W-Sp Casual Usually a fall wandererCommon Eider
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula W-F Uncommon MigrantCommon Goldeneye
Common GreenshankTringa nebulariaSp/FCasualMigrant Common Greenshank
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula F Accidental Usually a fall wandererCommon Ringed Plover
Common RosefinchCarpodacus erythrinus Sp Accidental MigrantCommon Rosefinch
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos Sp/Su Casual MigrantCommon Sandpiper
Common SnipeGallinago gallinagoSp/FRareMigrantCommon Snipe
Common SwiftCommon Swift
Common TernCommon Tern
Crested AukletAethia cristatella Resident Common Breeder or has bred
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaSp/Su/FCasualMigrantCurlew Sandpiper
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalisSp/FCasualMigrant Bird perched on flower head.
Dark-sided Flycatcher Muscicapa sibiricaDark-sided Flycatcher 
Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritusSp/SuCasualUsually a fall wandererBird swimming through water.
DovekieAlle alleSp/SuCasualUsually a fall wandererDovekie
DunlinCalidris alpinaSp/FRareMigrant
Dusky ThrushDusky Thrush
Dusky WarblerDusky Warbler
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannusSuAccidental Usually a fall wanderer
Eastern Yellow WagtailEastern Yellow Wagtail
Emperor GooseChen canagicaF-SpRareMigrant
Eskimo CurlewNumenius borealisSpMigrantEskimo Curlew
Eurasian CootFulica atraFAccidental Usually a fall wandererEurasian Coot
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo Su-F Casual Usually a fall wandererEurasian Hobby
Eurasian WigeonEurasian Wigeon
Eyebrowed ThrushEyebrowed Thrush
Falcated DuckAnas falcata Sp Casual MigrantFalcated Duck
Far-eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensisSpCasualMigrantFar-eastern Curlew
Fork-tailed Storm-PetrelOceanodroma furcataSp-SuRareMigrant
Fork-tailed SwiftFork-tailed Swift
Franklin’s Gull Su Accidental Usually a fall wandererFranklin’s Gull
GadwallAnas strepera Sp Casual MigrantGadwall
GarganeyAnas querquedula F Casual MigrantGarganey
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus Resident Rare Breeder or has bredGlaucous Gull
Glaucous-winged GullLarus glaucescens Resident Common Breeder or has bred
Golden-crowned KingletRegulus satrapa F Accidental Usually a fall wanderer
Golden-crowned SparrowZonotrichia atricapilla Sp/F Rare Migrant
Gray WagtailGray Wagtail
Gray-cheeked ThrushGray-cheeked Thrush
Gray-crowned Rosy FinchLeucosticte tephrocotisResidentCommonBreeder or has bred
Gray-Streaked FlycatcherMuscicapa griseisticta
Gray-tailed TattlerGray-tailed Tattler
Great KnotCalidris tenuirostris Sp Accidental Migrant
Greater ScaupAythya marila Sp-F Uncommon MigrantGreater Scaup
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons Sp/F Casual MigrantGreater White-fronted Goose
Greater YellowlegsGreater Yellowlegs
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus Sp Accidental MigrantGreen Sandpiper
Green winged TealGreen winged Teal
GyrfalconFalco rusticolus  W Casual Usually a fall wandererGyrfalcon
Harlequin Duck Histrionicus histrionicus Resident Common MigrantHarlequin Duck
Harris’s SparrowZonotrichia querula Sp/F Rare Migrant
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes Sp/F Casual MigrantHawfinch
Hermit ThrushHermit Thrush
Herring GullLarus argentatus Sp-F Rare Migrant
Hoary RedpollCarduelis hornemanni Sp-F Casual MigrantHoary Redpoll
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucollatus F Accidental Usually a fall wandererHooded Merganser
Horned GrebePodiceps auritus Sp/F/W Rare MigrantHorned Grebe
Horned LarkEremophila alpestris F Accidental Usually a fall wandererHorned Lark
Horned PuffinFratercula corniculata Sp-F Common Breeder or has bred
Ivory GullPagophila eburnea W Casual Usually a fall wandererIvory Gull
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimusSpAccidentalMigrant Bird in flight over water.
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus Sp Accidental MigrantKilldeer
King Eider W-Su Uncommon Migrant
Lapland LongspurCalcorius ornatusSp-FAbundantBreeder or has bredBird sitting on seed head.
Laysan Albatross Diomedea immutabilis Sp-W Casual Usually a fall wandererLaysan Albatross
Leach’s Storm PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoa Su Rare MigrantLeach’s Storm Petrel
Least AukletAethia pusillaSp/FAbundantBreeder or has bredBlack and white bird perched on a rock.
Least SandpiperCalidris minutillaSp/FRareBreeder or has bredShorebird with winter plumage.
Lesser SandploverCharadrius mongolus
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis Sp Casual Usually a fall wandererLesser Scaup
Lesser YellowlegsLesser Yellowlegs
Lincoln’s SparrowMelospiza lincolnii
Little StintCalidris minuta Sp/F Casual MigrantLittle Stint
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus Sp/F Rare MigrantLong-billed Dowitcher
Long-billed MurreletBrachyramphus brevirostris Su AccidentalLong-billed Murrelet
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisW-FCommonBreeder or has bredLong-tailed duck swimming in water.
Long-tailed JeagerStercorarius longicaudus Sp-F Uncommon Migrant
Long-toed StintCalidris subminuta Sp/Su/F Casual MigrantLong-toed Stint
MallardAnas platyrhynchos Sp-W Rare MigrantMallard
Marbled MurreletBrachyramphus marmoratus W/Sp Casual Usually a fall wandererMarbled Murrelet
McKay’s BuntingPlectrophenax hyperboreusResidentCasualBreeder or has bredBird nesting on St. Paul Island.
Mew GullLarus canus Sp Casual Migrant
Middendorf’s Grasshopper-WarblerMiddendorf’s Grasshopper-Warbler
Mottled Petrel Pterodroma inexpectataSu/FCasualUsually a fall wanderer Mottled Petrel 
Northern Flicker Sp/F Accidental Usually a fall wandererNorthern Flicker
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus F Accidental Usually a fall wandererNorthern Harrier
Northern PintailAnas acuta Sp-W Uncommon Breeder or has bredNorthern Pintail
Northern Saw-whet OwlAegolius acadicus F Accidental Usually a fall wandererNorthern Saw-whet Owl
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata Sp Uncommon MigrantNorthern Shoveler
Northern ShrikeLanius excubitor F Accidental Usually a fall wandererNorthern Shrike
Northern WaterthrushSeirus noveboracensisFAccidental
Northern WheatearNorthern Wheatear
Olive-backed PipitAnthus hodgsoniSpCasualMigrantOlive-backed Pipit
Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperi
Orange-crowned WarblerOrange-crowned Warbler
Oriental CuckooCuculus saturatus Sp/Su Accidental Migrant
Oriental GreenfinchCarduelis sinicaSpAccidentalMigrantOriental Greenfinch
Oriental Turtle-DoveStreptopelia orientalis Su Accidental MigrantOriental Turtle-Dove
OspreyPandion haliaetus Su Casual Usually a fall wandererOsprey
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva Sp/F Uncommon MigrantBird resting near twigs.
Pacific LoonGavia pacifica Sp/F Rare MigrantBird swimming in water.
Parakeet Auklet Aethia psittaculaSp-FAbundantBreeder or has bred
Parasitic JeagerStercorarius parasiticus Sp-F Uncommon MigrantParasitic Jeager
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosSp/FUncommonMigrantSanpiper birds sitting on rocks in water.
Pelagic CormorantPhalacrocorax pelagicus Resident Uncommon Breeder or has bredBird sitting on ridge wall.
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus  Sp/F/W Rare Usually a fall wandererPeregrine Falcon
Pigeon GuillemotCepphus columba W-F Uncommon MigrantPigeon Guillemot
Pine GrosbeakPinicola enucleator Sp/F Accidental MigrantPine Grosbeak
Pine SiskinCarduelis pinus Sp/F Casual MigrantPine Siskin
Pomarine JeagerStercorarius pomarinus Sp-F Uncommon MigrantPomarine Jeager
Purple MartinProgne subisFAccidentalUsually a fall wandererPurple Martin
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra Su-F Casual MigrantRed Crossbill
Red KnotCalidris canutusFCasualMigrantRed Knot
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius Sp-F Uncommon MigrantBird floating in water.
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariaSp-FUncommonMigrant Bird floating on waters around St. Paul Island.
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorSp/FRareMigrant
Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensis
Red-faced CormorantPhalacrocorax urile Resident Common Breeder or has bredBird perched on ridge wall.
Red-flanked BluetailTarsiger cyanurusUsually a fall wandererAccidentalRed-flanked Bluetail
Red-legged KittiwakeRissa brevirostrisSp-FCommonBreeder or has bred
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena W-Su Uncommon MigrantRed-necked Grebe
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusSp-FUncommonBreeder or has bred
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollisSp/Su/FRareMigrantRed-necked Stint on gravel..
Red-throated LoonGavia stellata Sp/F Rare MigrantRed-throated Loon
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus Sp Casual MigrantRed-throated Pipit
Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceus, Agelaius phoeniceus Sp Accidental MigrantRed-winged Blackbird
Rhinoceros AukletCerorhinca monocerata Sp Accidental Migrant
Ring-necked DuckAythya collarisSpCasualMigrant
Rock SandpiperCalidris ptilocnemis Sp-F Common Breeder or has bredBird standing on bark dust.
Ross’s GullRhodostethia rosea Sp/F Casual MigrantRoss’s Gull
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopus F Casual Usually a fall wandererRough-legged Hawk
Ruby-crowned KingletRegulus calendulaFCasualMigrantRuby-crowned Kinglet
Ruddy TurnstoneRuddy Turnstone
RuffPhilomachus pugnaxSp/FRareMigrantRuff
Rufous HummingbirdSelasphorus rufus F Accidental Usually a fall wandererRufous Hummingbird
Rustic BuntingEmberiza rustica Sp Casual MigrantRustic Bunting
Rusty BlackbirdEuphagus carolinus F Casual Usually a fall wandererRusty Blackbird
Sabine’s GullXema sabini Sp/F Casual MigrantGull flying.
SanderlingCalidris alba F Casual MigrantSanderling
Sandhill CraneGrus canadensisSp-SuUncommonMigrant
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensisSp/FRareMigrant
Say’s PhoebeSayornis saya Su AccidentalBird perched on a stump.
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus Sp-F Uncommon Breeder or has bredBird walking on shore.
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusilla F Casual MigrantSemipalmated Sandpiper
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminata F Uncommon MigrantBird hidden in a grassy field.
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseus Sp/F Casual MigrantBird fishing in water.
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus Sp/F Rare MigrantBird perched on a fence post.
Short-tailed AlbatrossDiomedea albatrus Su-F Casual Usually a fall wandererShort-tailed Albatross
Short-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus tenuirostris Su-F Uncommon Usually a fall wandererShort-tailed Shearwater
Siberian RubythroatLuscinia calliopeSpCasualMigrantBird sitting on rock.
SkylarkAlauda arvensis Sp-Su Casual Breeder or has bredSkylark
Slaty-backed GullLarus schistisagusW-FRareMigrantSlaty-backed Gull
SmewMergellus albellusSpCasualMigrant
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalisResidentCommonBreeder or has bredBird sits on a rock in cold weather.
Snow GooseChen caerulescensSp/FCasualMigrantGoose in flight.
Snowy OwlNyctea scandiacaSp-WRareMigrant
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitariaSpAccidentalMigrant
Song SparrowMelospiza melodia F-Su Casual Usually a fall wandererSong Sparrow
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseus Su-F Casual Usually a fall wandererSooty Shearwater
Spectacled EiderSomateria fischeriF-SpCasualMigrantSpectacled Eider
Spoonbill SandpiperEurynorhynchus pygmeusFAccidentalUsually a fall wandererSpoonbill Sandpiper
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus Sp/F Casual MigrantBird in flight.
Spotted SandpiperActitis macularia Sp Accidental MigrantSpotted Sandpiper
Steller’s EiderPolysticta stelleri W-Su Rare MigrantSteller’s Eider
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopus Sp Casual MigrantStilt Sandpiper
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillata Sp-Su Casual Usually a fall wandererSurf Scoter
Swainson’s ThrushSwainson’s Thrush
Temminck’s Stint Calidris temminckiiSp-FCasualMigrantTemminck’s Stint 
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus Sp/Su/F Casual MigrantTerek Sandpiper
Thick-billed MurreUlria lomviaSp-FAbundantBreeder or has bred
Townsend’s WarblerTownsend’s Warbler
Tree SwallowTree Swallow
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula Sp Rare Usually a fall wandererTufted Duck
Tufted PuffinFratercula cirrhataSp-FCommonBreeder or has bred
Tundra SwanTundra Swan
Varued ThrushVarued Thrush
Violet-green SwallowViolet-green Swallow
Wanding TattlerWanding Tattler
Warbling VireoWarbling Vireo
Western SandpiperCalidris mauri Sp/Su/F Rare MigrantSeabird resting on a rock.
Western Wood-PeweeWestern Wood-Pewee
White WagtailWhite Wagtail
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrys F Casual Usually a fall wandererBird resting on a branch
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisSu/FAccidentalUsually a fall wandererWhite-rumped Sandpiper
White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucopteraSu-FCasualMigrantWhite-winged Crossbill 
White-winged ScoterMelanitta fusca W-F Uncommon MigrantWhite-winged Scoter
White-winged TernWhite-winged Tern
Whooper SwanWhooper Swan
Wilson’s Snipe
Wilson’s WarblerWilson’s Warbler
Winter WrenTroglodytes hiemalisWinter Wren
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola, Tringa glareolaSp/FRareMIgrantWood Sandpiper in water.
Wood WarblerWood Warbler
Yellow WarblerYellow Warbler
Yellow-billed LoonGavia adamsii Sp Rare MigrantYellow-billed Loon
Yellow-rumped WarblerYellow-rumped Warbler